French labour law - Variable remuneration: the objectives must imperatively be written in French (c. cass. June 7th 2023)
In a decision of June 7th, 2023 (n°21-20.322), the social chamber of the Court of Cassation recalls that the objectives necessary for determining the contractual variable remuneration of employees must imperatively be written in French if they are not received from abroad or intended for foreigners, even if the working language of the company is English.
This solution is not new and is part of the previous case law of the social chamber of the Court of Cassation which had already ruled in this direction and considered that it was of little importance that the company had an international activity (Cass. Soc ., May 3, 2018, No. 16.13-736), or that the employee is bilingual (Cass. Soc., June 29, 2011, No. 09-67.492).
Thus, it does not matter that the working language of the company is English and that the employee understands English perfectly, his objectives must be written in French.
The exception provided for in Article L. 1321-6 of the Labor Code (document received from abroad or intended for a foreigner) is therefore restrictive.
Judges cannot retain another exception to the rule that the objectives imposed on employees must be written in French.
To read all the article, please click on the link below
Cass. Soc., 7 juin 2023, n° 21-20.322
Salariés, cadres, cadres dirigeants : objectifs rédigés en anglais = inopposabilité au salarié
Frédéric CHHUM avocat et ancien membre du conseil de l’ordre des avocats de Paris (mandat 2019-2021)
Mathilde Fruton Létard élève avocate EFB Paris
CHHUM AVOCATS (Paris, Nantes, Lille)
.Paris: 34 rue Petrelle 75009 Paris tel: 0142560300
.Nantes: 41, Quai de la Fosse 44000 Nantes tel: 0228442644
.Lille: : 45, Rue Saint Etienne 59000 Lille – Ligne directe +(33) 03.20.57.53.24